Courage (also called bravery and bravado) is the choice
and willingness to confront agony , pain, danger , uncertainty or intimidation. Physical courage is courage in the face of
physical pain, hardship, death or threat of death, while moral courage is the ability to act rightly in the face of
popular opposition, shame , scandal, discouragement, or personal loss.
In some traditions, fortitude holds approximately the same meaning. In the Western tradition, notable thoughts on
courage have come from philosophers such as Socrates , Plato , Aristotle , Aquinas and Kierkegaard; in the Eastern
tradition, some thoughts on courage were offered by the Tao Te Ching . More recently, courage has been explored by
the discipline of psychology .